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Kralovstvo Boha / angl./

27. 11. 2012

Pope Benedict XVI in his book Jesus of Nazareth, says there are "three dimensions" to the Church Fathers' interpretation of the term kingdom of God. The first, which comes from Origen, is that Jesus is himself the kingdom in person.[50] The second "sees man's interiority as the essential location of the Kingdom."[50] This second dimension also comes from Origen. "The third dimension of the interpretation of the kingdom of God we could call the ecclesiastical: the kingdom of God and the Church are related in different ways and brought into more or less close proximity."[50] That is to say that the Church is the kingdom of God.

Within the theological tradition of the Eastern Orthodox Church the kingdom of God is the future of all humankind and the created world, the world to come, in that God will be in direct communion with the cosmos.

The Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC) teaches that the coming Reign of God will be a kingdom of love, peace, and justice.[35] Justice is defined as a virtue whereby one respects the rights of all persons, living in harmony and equity with all.[36] The kingdom of God began with Christ's death and Resurrection and must be further extended by Christians until it has been brought into perfection by Christ at the end of time.[37] The Christian does this by living the way Christ lived, by thinking the way Christ thought,[35] and by promoting peace and justice.[38] This can be accomplished by discerning how the Holy Spirit (God) is calling one to act in the concrete circumstances of one's life.[38] Christians must also pray, asking God for what is necessary to cooperate with the coming of God's kingdom.[39] Jesus gathered disciples to be the seed and the beginning of God's Reign on earth, and Jesus sent the Holy Spirit to guide them.[40] Jesus continues to call all people to come together around him[41] and to spread the kingdom of God across the entire world.[42] However, the ultimate triumph of Christ's kingdom will not come about until Christ's return to earth at the end of time.[43] During Christ's second coming, he will judge the living and the dead. Only those who are judged to be righteous and just will reign with Christ forever.[44] Christ's second coming will also mark the absolute defeat of all evil powers, including Satan.[45] Until then, the coming of the kingdom will continue to be attacked by evil powers as Christians wait with hope for the second coming of their Savior.[46] This is why Christians pray to hasten Christ's return by saying to him "Maranatha!" which means "Come, Lord Jesus!".[